Ferdinand Lassalle, a jurist and constitutional expert, said that the constitution is a piece of paper on the mouth of a canon. That is, only a favourable relationship of forces can approve or impose its compliance. In Bolivia, the Evo Morales government counts on an overwhelming majority support, given that the indigenous peoples and the poor have always been the grand majority, and now support the policies of their indigenous and popular government, confronted by Washington and the petroleum transnationals, maintaining their struggle against the racism and separatism of the k’aras  from Santa Cruz, as well as their resolve to convert Bolivia into a multi-ethnic state based on regional autonomies.
Nevertheless, the Constituent Assembly, in which the government has a majority, is deadlocked and paralysed and cannot approve a single article. The definition of autonomy that the right and the regional governments they control (
Both are, effectively, Gordian knots because they cannot be untied, although regarding the problem of the conflict between Sucre and La Paz, there could possibly be a compromise distribution of ministries and the powers between both cities. If the US embassy is fanning the flames of all these conflicts in order to destabilise the MAS government and is behind those in Santa Cruz who are arming and organising shock troops and paramilitaries against the indigenous peoples of the Bolivian east and what they call “Bolivia” (that is, merely the altiplano , comprised of a native majority, opposed to the “camba nation” of the white and mestizo people of Santa Cruz), it is evident that behind the economic power of the separatists is also that of Washington, of the large landowners and the Argentine and Brazilian soya producers, and that of the foreign petroleum companies who would prefer to negotiate the price of gas and petroleum with their servants – or allies – of the oligarchies.
The location of these resources in the eastern zones encourages the separatism of the elites who come from these same areas and who, moreover, are racist and hate, fear and despise those that they see, not as indigenous compatriots, but rather as ballast. To this acute interregional conflict can be added, a violent class conflict, and the clash between the interests of
Because the paramilitary groups in
Una política que reduzca los privilegios sociales de las minorías y que dé como resultado mejores viviendas y mejores salarios reales podrá permitir contar, en las ciudades mismas, con “el pueblo menudo” y con los trabajadores sindicalizados, influyendo así, al mismo tiempo, incluso sobre los ultraizquierdistas (en el medio estudiantil pero también en el indígena) que quieren todo, de inmediato y servido en bandeja.
A policy that reduces the social privileges of the minorities and which results in better houses, and better real salaries could allow the government to count on, in the cities themselves, the “small people” and the unionised workers, and by doing so influence at the same time the ultraleftists (in the student sector but also in the indigenous sector) that wants everything immediately, served to them on a platter.
The Constituent Assembly and the government are proposing to construct a new country and they truly want to do it. But it is not enough for them to outline the strategic markers for its construction (decolonialisation, independence, social democracy, racial equality etc): a national and massive discussion around how to implement this project and about priorities (utilisation of underground resources in order to assure housing, services, education, water, employment, a real agrarian revolution to stimulate the level of consumption and the internal market, creation of small agricultural food industries) is also necessary.
Such a discussion, alongside the militias, would back up the actions of the Constituent Assembly; on the contrary, the negotiations in parliament or with the current powers, far from leading to a favourable result, would morally wear down the indigenous peoples, workers and poor, and instead encourage those who want to win time in order to prepare a text book coup, like one of those that have always brought down progressive governments in Bolivia, from nationalists soldiers of the Chaco to the one imposed by Banzer and the narco soldiers.
Translated from La Jornada
 Indigenous term meaning white-mestizo